Gum Health and Diabetes

An increasing amount of research shows people with diabetes have a higher than average prevalence of periodontal (gum) disease. Periodontal disease can result in the destruction of the bone and ligaments attaching teeth to the jaw, eventually leading to the loss of the teeth.

High blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels which in turn reduces the oxygen and nutrient supply to the gums, making infection and inflammation more likely. Bacteria and inflammation occurring in the gums then enter the blood stream, upsetting the body’s immune system which then affects blood sugar control. Basically, periodontal disease and diabetes are linked in both directions.
If you have diabetes you should have regular reviews of your gum health carried out by your dentist.

There is good evidence that improved gum health can result in better blood sugar control in people with poorly controlled diabetes. In some cases it is possible to reduce the number of medicines prescribed to manage the diabetes.
It very much looks that the health of the mouth affects the health of the rest of the body and vice versa.